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Fiber optic cables vs Ethernet: What is the difference? And how do they work together?
Fiber optic cables vs Ethernet: What is the difference? And how do they work together?

Modern business and communication has become more important thanks to the internet. A nation or community can experience significant economic growth if they have access to sufficient high-speed Internet.

Wireless is not the only way data bandwidth can be sent to homes and businesses. There are two main options: Ethernet cables containing copper wires, which transmit data with electric impulses and fiber optic cables, which transmit data using light.

What are the differences between Ethernet and fiber optic cables? What is the speed of Fiber optics? These are just a few of the questions we answered in this guide.

Fiber optic cables vs Ethernet: What is the difference? And how do they work together?

Modern business and communication has become more important thanks to the internet. A nation or community can experience significant economic growth if they have access to sufficient high-speed Internet.

Wireless is not the only way data bandwidth can be sent to homes and businesses. There are two primary methods: Ethernet cables containing copper wires transmitting electrical impulses, and fiber optic cables transmitting light.

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What are the differences between Ethernet and fiber optic cables? What is the speed of Fiber optics? These are just a few of the questions we answered in this guide.

Ethernet Cables

Ethernet standards have been around for a while. It was created by Xerox back in the 1970s, and it was commercially launched in 1980. Ethernet uses copper cables for data transmission using electrical impulses. Ethernet has a reputation for being slower than fiber-optic cables. While this is still true, Ethernet has advanced to become a much faster way to provide Internet access.

Ethernet speed was limited to 10Mbps at one point. Fast Ethernet now offers speeds of up to 100Mbps while Gigabit Ethernet delivers speeds of a staggering 1000Mbps. Cat 6 Ethernet cables can currently carry up to 10Gbps. This is lightning fast but fiber optics are even faster.

Ethernet cables send data using electrical impulses. The majority of Ethernet cables are Cat 5, which uses eight 24-gauge copper group wires to form four pairs. Copper wires transmit data very directly. A combination of 1s or 0s is what you call all data.

Ethernet is not without its problems. The Ethernet uses electrical signals which make it vulnerable to electromagnetic interference. Also, data sent over this channel is susceptible to being intercepted and used by hackers at the hardware layer. This could pose security and privacy risks.

Additionally, data transmission speeds over copper wires are limited by inherent limitations that are higher than those of light transmission (i.e. fiber optics).

Fiber Optics

Although fiber optic cables may be relatively new in delivering Internet to homes, businesses and offices, the principles behind fiberoptic cables have been around for over 100 years.

The fiber optic technology was used by television cameras on the 1969 NASA Apollo 11 mission. Fiber optic cables can be used for high-speed data transfer, both for business purposes and to transmit data over long distances.

What is the working principle of fiber optic cables? Fiber optic cables are made from tiny strands a pure glass. These cables transmit data using light, not electrical impulses. They are available in single-mode or multi-mode.

Single-mode cables send signals using laser light, while multimode cables send signals using light-emitting diodes. As we have already mentioned, data can be represented using a combination of 1s or 0s. Fiber optic cables indicate that light is on or off. Blinking very fast means that the light is either off or on.

Standard fiber optic cables transmit data at 10Mbps to 10Gbps. But a single fiber optic cable can carry data at speeds of up to 100 Tbps (Terabits each second). Fiber optic cables typically contain multiple strands. Each one multiplies how much data the strand containing the cable can transmit.

Fiber optic cables can also be more secure than Ethernet cables. Hackers cannot intercept the data at its hardware level. Protecting your data during transit is another benefit.

Fiber optics can transmit data faster than copper wires and provide a reliable, secure and reliable Internet connection for businesses and homes.

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