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Outdoor Fiber Optic Cable

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Fiber optic cable is a very thin glass strand through which a pulse of light is transmitted. Nowadays, fiber optic cable is a desirable cable medium due to its immunity to electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radio frequency interference (RFI). It can transport optical signals for significant distances, whether in local area, wide area, or in metropolitan area. This article will tell some information about fiber optic cable and aim at providing a guideline on choosing the right fiber optic cable.Fiber optic cable can be divided into single-mode fiber cable and multimode fiber cable. Single-mode optical fiber generally has a core diameter of 9 µm and requires laser technology for sending and receiving data. It can carry a signal for miles, which makes it ideal for telephone and cable television providers. As the name suggests, multimode fiber permits the signal to travel in multiple modes, or pathways, along the inside of the glass strand or core. Usually, indoor cables include simplex and zipcord, distribution cables and breakout cables. Simplex fiber optic cables are one fiber, tight-buffered (coated with a 900 micron buffer over the primary buffer coating) with Kevlar (aramid fiber) strength members and jacketed for indoor use. The jacket is typically 3mm (1/8 in.) diameter. These cables are small in size, and used for short, dry conduit runs, riser and plenum applications. The fibers are double buffered and can be directly terminated, but because their fibers are not individually reinforced, these cables need to be broken out with a “breakout box” or terminated inside a patch panel or junction box. The distribution cable is the most popular cable for indoor use.Breakout fiber optic cables are made of several simplex cables bundled together inside a common jacket for convenience in pulling and ruggedness. This is a strong, rugged design, but is larger and more expensive than the distribution cables. They are suitable for conduit runs, riser and plenum applications, and ideal for industrial applications where ruggedness is important or in a location where only one or two pieces of equipment need to be connected. Fiber optic cable in outdoor applications require more protection from water ingress, vermin and other conditions encountered underground. Outdoor cables need increased strength for greater pulling distances. Generally, fiber optic cables installed in outdoor applications contain loose tube fiber optic cable, ribbon fiber optic cable, armored fiber optic cable and aerial fiber optic cable.Loose tube fiber optic cables are composed of several fibers together inside a small plastic tube, which are in turn wound around a central strength member and jacketed, providing a small, high fiber count cable. They are suitable for outside plant trunking applications because they can be made with loose tubes filled with gel or water absorbent powder to prevent harm to the fibers from water. Since the fibers have only a thin buffer coating, they must be carefully handled and protected to prevent damage. They can be used in conduits, strung overhead or buried directly into the ground.
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  • Nancy 20:24.PM  Sep.19,2022
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